Medical Imaging Research Initiative.— The Committee believes there is potential in the near future to accelerate revolutionary new imaging technology for medical professionals and researchers to combat disease and support high-skilled manufacturing jobs in the United States. Such advances will require inter-agency coordination of Federal medical imaging research and development initiatives to accelerate the transfer of new technologies into commercial products manufactured in the United States and strengthen innovative research programs. Since many Federal agencies have existing and complementary roles on medical imaging research, there is a strong need for a Federal strategy that will coordinate and accelerate such research. The Committee directs OSTP, in cooperation with the National Institutes of Health as the lead agency, to establish, through the National Science and Technology Council’s Committee on Science, a Medical Imaging Subcommittee [MIS] to coordinate Federal investments in imaging research. The MIS should be required to develop a roadmap for the full scope of imaging research and development, including: basic STEM science and technology creation, medical and translational research, evidence generation, clinical implementation, workforce and training support, and export-oriented manufacturing incentives.